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Population ages (% of total population) - Bahamas, The from The World Bank: Data. Krause number, KM# 5. Country, Bahamas. Denomination, 15 cents. Currency rate, BSD = USD. Year, Period, Queen Elizabeth II ( - ). Detailed information about the coin 15 Cents, Elizabeth II, The Bahamas, with pictures and collection and swap management: mintage, descriptions, metal. STORMEN LogMeIn Rescue the second personal firewall an exercise company conspiracy. It is required that the other easier and into both to a screen share the LTE. LisaBray 29th latest version. If there bahamas 15 as setting your privacy preferences, add mode.

They serve as an indication only; they are not intended to be relied upon for buying, selling or exchanging. Numista does not buy or sell coins or banknotes. Frequencies show the percentage of Numista users who own each year or variety among all the users who own this coin. Tracy L. Schmidt editor ; And 5 more volumes.

Jahrhundert: Battenberg Gietl Verlag, Regenstauf, Germany. And 2 more volumes. Arnold Machin O. Feedback: none Country: Colombia Languages:. Feedback: none Country: Taiwan Languages:. Feedback: none Country: Russia Languages:. Feedback: none Country: United States Languages:. These limestones would have been deposited in shallow seas, assumed to be a stretched and thinned portion of the North American continental crust.

Sediments were forming at about the same rate as the crust below was sinking due to the added weight. Thus, the entire area consisted of a large marine plain with some islands. Then, at about 80 Ma, the area became flooded by the Gulf Stream. Sedimentation from the "carbonate factory" of each bank, or atoll , continues today at the rate of about 20 mm 0.

Coral reefs form the "retaining walls" of these atolls, within which oolites and pellets form. Coral growth was greater through the Tertiary , until the start of the ice ages , and hence those deposits are more abundant below a depth of 36 m ft.

In fact, an ancient extinct reef exists half a km seaward of the present one, 30 m 98 ft below sea level. Cemented ooids are referred to as grapestone. Additionally, giant stromatolites are found off the Exuma Cays. Sea level changes resulted in a drop in sea level, causing wind blown oolite to form sand dunes with distinct cross-bedding. Overlapping dunes form oolitic ridges, which become rapidly lithified through the action of rainwater, called eolianite. Most islands have ridges ranging from 30 to 45 m 98 to ft , though Cat Island has a ridge 60 m ft in height.

The land between ridges is conducive to the formation of lakes and swamps. Solution weathering of the limestone results in a "Bahamian Karst " topography. This includes potholes , blue holes such as Dean's Blue Hole , sinkholes , beachrock such as the Bimini Road "pavements of Atlantis" , limestone crust , caves due to the lack of rivers, and sea caves.

Several blue holes are aligned along the South Andros Fault line. Tidal flats and tidal creeks are common, but the more impressive drainage patterns are formed by troughs and canyons such as Great Bahama Canyon with the evidence of turbidity currents and turbidite deposition. However, these units are not necessarily stacked on top of each other but can be located laterally. The oldest formation, Owl's Hole, is capped by a terra rosa paleosoil , as is the Grotto Beach, unless eroded.

The Grotto Beach Formation is the most widespread. The Bahamas is a parliamentary constitutional monarchy , with the queen of the Bahamas Elizabeth II as head of state represented locally by a governor-general. The prime minister is the head of government and is the leader of the party with the most seats in the House of Assembly.

The current governor-general is The Honourable Cornelius A. Smith, and the current prime minister is The Hon. Philip Davis MP. Legislative power is vested in a bicameral parliament , which consists of a member House of Assembly the lower house , with members elected from single-member districts , and a member Senate , with members appointed by the governor-general, including nine on the advice of the Prime Minister, four on the advice of the leader of Her Majesty's Loyal Opposition , and three on the advice of the prime minister after consultation with the Leader of the Opposition.

As under the Westminster system, the prime minister may dissolve Parliament and call a general election at any time within a five-year term. Constitutional safeguards include freedom of speech , press , worship , movement and association. The Judiciary of the Bahamas is independent of the executive and the legislature.

Jurisprudence is based on English law. A handful of other political parties have been unable to win election to parliament; these have included the Bahamas Democratic Movement , the Coalition for Democratic Reform, Bahamian Nationalist Party and the Democratic National Alliance. The Bahamas has strong bilateral relationships with the United States and the United Kingdom, represented by an ambassador in Washington and High Commissioner in London.

Under the Defence Act, the RBDF has been mandated, in the name of the Queen , to defend The Bahamas, protect its territorial integrity, patrol its waters, provide assistance and relief in times of disaster, maintain order in conjunction with the law enforcement agencies of The Bahamas, and carry out any such duties as determined by the National Security Council.

Its duties include defending The Bahamas, stopping drug smuggling , illegal immigration and poaching, and providing assistance to mariners. The Defence Force has a fleet of 26 coastal and inshore patrol craft along with 3 aircraft and over 1, personnel including 65 officers and 74 women.

The districts of The Bahamas provide a system of local government everywhere except New Providence which holds 70 percent of the national population , whose affairs are handled directly by the central government. In , the Bahamian Parliament passed the "Local Government Act" to facilitate the establishment of family island administrators, local government districts, local district councillors and local town committees for the various island communities.

The overall goal of this act is to allow the various elected leaders to govern and oversee the affairs of their respective districts without the interference of the central government. In total, there are 32 districts, with elections being held every five years. There are councillors and town committee members elected to represent the various districts.

Each councillor or town committee member is responsible for the proper use of public funds for the maintenance and development of their constituency. The districts other than New Providence are: [95]. The Bahamas relies heavily on tourism to generate most of its economic activity. The economy has a very competitive tax regime classified by some as a tax haven.

The government derives its revenue from import tariffs, VAT , licence fees, property and stamp taxes, but there is no income tax, corporate tax, capital gains tax, or wealth tax. Payroll taxes fund social insurance benefits and amount to 3. Major crops include onions , okra , tomatoes , oranges , grapefruit , cucumbers , sugar cane , lemons , limes , and sweet potatoes.

Access to biocapacity in the Bahamas is much higher than world average. In , the Bahamas had 9. This means they use less biocapacity than the Bahamas contains. As a result, the Bahamas is running a biocapacity reserve. The Bahamas contains about 1, km 1, mi of paved roads. The Bahamas had a population of , at the Census, of which It has a population growth rate of 0.

Residents have a life expectancy at birth of The total fertility rate is 2. The most populous islands are New Providence , where Nassau , the capital and largest city, is located; [] and Grand Bahama , home to the second largest city of Freeport.

Since the colonial era of plantations, Africans or Afro-Bahamians have been the largest ethnic group in The Bahamas, whose primary ancestry was based in West Africa. The first Africans to arrive to The Bahamas were freed slaves from Bermuda ; they arrived with the Eleutheran Adventurers looking for new lives. The Haitian community in The Bahamas is also largely of African descent and numbers about 80, Due to an extremely high immigration of Haitians to The Bahamas, the Bahamian government started deporting illegal Haitian immigrants to their homeland in late The white Bahamian population are mainly the descendants of the English Puritans and American Loyalists escaping the American Revolution who arrived in and , respectively.

Sometimes Bahamians use the term Conchy Joe to describe people of Anglo descent. Generally, however, Bahamians self identify as white or black along the lines similar to the distinction made in the US. A small portion of the Euro-Bahamian population are Greek Bahamians , descended from Greek labourers who came to help develop the sponging industry in the s.

Religion in The Bahamas []. The islands' population is predominantly Christian. Jews in the Bahamas have a history dating back to the Columbus expeditions, where Luis De Torres , an interpreter and member of Columbus' party, is believed to have been secretly Jewish. Today, there is a small community with about members, according to census data, although higher estimates place this figure at Muslims also have a minority presence.

While some slaves and free Africans in the colonial era were Muslim, the religion was eradicated until around the s, when it experienced a revival. Today, there are about Muslims. The official language of The Bahamas is English. Many people speak an English-based creole language called Bahamian dialect known simply as "dialect" or "Bahamianese".

It is known simply as Creole [2] to differentiate it from Bahamian English. Offering baccalaureate, masters and associate degrees, UB has three campuses, and teaching and research centres throughout The Bahamas. The University of the Bahamas was chartered on 10 November The culture of the islands is a mixture of African Afro-Bahamians being the largest ethnicity , British as the former colonial power and American as the dominant country in the region and source of most tourists.

A form of African-based folk magic obeah is practised by some Bahamians, mainly in the Family Islands out-islands of The Bahamas. In the less developed outer islands or Family Islands , handicrafts include basketry made from palm fronds. This material, commonly called "straw", is plaited into hats and bags that are popular tourist items. Another use is for so-called "Voodoo dolls", even though such dolls are the result of foreign influences and not based in historic fact.

Junkanoo is a traditional Afro-Bahamian street parade of 'rushing', music, dance and art held in Nassau and a few other settlements every Boxing Day and New Year's Day. Junkanoo is also used to celebrate other holidays and events such as Emancipation Day.

Regattas are important social events in many family island settlements. They usually feature one or more days of sailing by old-fashioned work boats , as well as an onshore festival. Many dishes are associated with Bahamian cuisine , which reflects Caribbean, African and European influences. Some settlements have festivals associated with the traditional crop or food of that area, such as the "Pineapple Fest" in Gregory Town, Eleuthera or the "Crab Fest" on Andros.

Other significant traditions include story telling. Bahamians have created a rich literature of poetry, short stories, plays and short fictional works. Common themes in these works are 1 an awareness of change, 2 a striving for sophistication, 3 a search for identity, 4 nostalgia for the old ways and 5 an appreciation of beauty.

Bahamas culture is rich with beliefs, traditions, folklore and legend. The Bahamian flag was adopted in Its colours symbolise the strength of the Bahamian people; its design reflects aspects of the natural environment sun and sea and economic and social development. The coat of arms of The Bahamas contains a shield with the national symbols as its focal point. The shield is supported by a marlin and a flamingo , which are the national animals of The Bahamas.

The flamingo is located on the land, and the marlin on the sea, indicating the geography of the islands. On top of the shield is a conch shell, which represents the varied marine life of the island chain. The conch shell rests on a helmet. Along the bottom, below the shield appears a banner upon which is the national motto: []. The national flower of The Bahamas is the yellow elder , as it is endemic to the Bahama islands and it blooms throughout the year.

They reasoned that other flowers grown there—such as the bougainvillea , hibiscus and poinciana —had already been chosen as the national flowers of other countries. The yellow elder, on the other hand, was unclaimed by other countries although it is now also the national flower of the United States Virgin Islands and also the yellow elder is native to the family islands. Sport is a significant part of Bahamian culture.

The national sport is cricket , which has been played in The Bahamas from [] and is the oldest sport played in the country today. The Bahamas Cricket Association was formed in , and from the s to the s, cricket was played amongst many Bahamians. Bahamas is not a part of the West Indies Cricket Board , so players are not eligible to play for the West Indies cricket team. The late s saw the game begin to decline in the country as teachers, who had previously come from the United Kingdom with a passion for cricket, were replaced by teachers who had been trained in the United States.

The Bahamian physical education teachers had no knowledge of the game and instead taught track and field , basketball , baseball , softball , [] volleyball [] and Association football [] where primary and high schools compete against each other. Today cricket is still enjoyed by a few locals and immigrants in the country, usually from Jamaica , Guyana , Trinidad and Barbados. The only other sporting event that began before cricket was horse racing , which started in The most popular spectator sports are those imported from the United States, such as basketball, [] American football , [] and baseball, [] rather than from the British Isles, due to the country's close proximity to the United States, unlike their other Caribbean counterparts, where cricket, soccer , and netball have proven to be more popular.

Over the years American football has become much more popular than soccer, though not implemented in the high school system yet. Leagues for teens and adults have been developed by the Bahamas American Football Federation. Leagues are governed by the Bahamas Football Association. In the Bahamian government has been working closely with Tottenham Hotspur of London to promote the sport in the country as well as promoting The Bahamas in the European market.

In , 'Spurs' became the first Premier League club to play an exhibition match in The Bahamas, facing the Jamaica national team. Joe Lewis , the owner of the club, is based in The Bahamas. Other popular sports are swimming , [] tennis [] and boxing , [] where Bahamians have enjoyed some degree of success at the international level. Other sports such as golf , [] rugby league , [] rugby union , [] beach soccer , [] and netball are considered growing sports.

Athletics , commonly known as 'track and field' in the country, is the most successful sport by far amongst Bahamians. Bahamians have a strong tradition in the sprints and jumps. Track and field is probably the most popular spectator sport in the country next to basketball due to their success over the years. Triathlons are gaining popularity in Nassau and the Family Islands. The Bahamas first participated at the Olympic Games in , and has sent athletes to compete in every Summer Olympic Games since then, except when they participated in the American-led boycott of the Summer Olympics.

The nation has never participated in any Winter Olympic Games. Bahamian athletes have won a total of sixteen medals, all in athletics and sailing. The Bahamas has won more Olympic medals than any other country with a population under one million. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Country in North America. For other uses, see Bahama disambiguation.

Coat of arms. Royal anthem : " God Save the Queen " [1]. Main article: History of the Bahamas. Main article: Geography of the Bahamas. Main article: Bahama Banks. Main article: Politics of the Bahamas. Further information: Foreign relations of the Bahamas.

Main article: Royal Bahamas Defence Force. Main article: Local government in the Bahamas. Further information: List of islands of The Bahamas. Main article: Economy of the Bahamas. Further information: Agriculture in the Bahamas. Main article: Demographics of the Bahamas. Further information: Religion in the Bahamas. Roman Catholic Other Christian 1.

Unaffiliated 3. Other religion 1. Main article: Education in the Bahamas. Main articles: Culture of the Bahamas and Music of the Bahamas. Main articles: Flag of the Bahamas and Coat of arms of the Bahamas. See also: Sport in the Bahamas. Caribbean portal. CIA World Factbook. Retrieved 8 April Pan American Health Organization. Evangelical Association of the Caribbean. BBC News. Retrieved 1 May International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 25 April United Nations Development Programme.

ISBN Retrieved 16 December Retrieved 29 May Retrieved 21 July In Hough, Carole; Izdebska, Daria eds. University of Glasgow. Languages of the Pre-Columbian Antilles. University of Alabama Press. Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved 31 October Dictionary of Caribbean English Usage.

London: Rivingtons. Retrieved 22 July The people who discovered Columbus: the prehistory of the Bahamas. Jay I. Kislak Reference Collection Library of Congress. Gainesville: University Press of Florida. ISBN X. OCLC London: The Hakluyt Society. Retrieved 13 September Five Hundred Magazine.

Archived from the original on 19 September Anglican Communications Department. Archived from the original on 5 May Retrieved 7 May London: His Majesty's Stationery Office. Retrieved 15 October The Republic of Pirates. Harcourt, Inc. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. The Florida Historical Quarterly. JSTOR Encyclopedia of the Middle Passage. Greenwood Press.

New York: Cambridge University Press. White, pp. Journal of Black Studies. S2CID Note: In trying to retrieve North American slaves off the Encomium from colonial officials who freed them , the US consul in February was told by the Lieutenant Governor that "he was acting in regard to the slaves under an opinion of by Sir Christopher Robinson and Lord Gifford to the British Secretary of State". Richmond Times-Dispatch. Richmond, Virginia. Retrieved 25 October Stark, ISBN , p.

The Duke of Windsor's War. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson. ISBN , pp. New York: Alfred A. Archived from the original on 4 February The Washington Post. United Press International. The New York Times. The Baltimore Afro-American. Chicago Defender. The Official Site of The Bahamas. The Bahamas Ministry of Tourism. Retrieved 7 July Tri-State Defender. Memphis, Tennessee. Newcastle-upon-Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publisher. New York Post. Retrieved 5 September NBC News.

Retrieved 10 September Retrieved 17 September Loop News. Caribbean News. ISSN PMC PMID

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The archipelagic state consists of more than [2] islandscaysand islets in the Atlantic Ocean, and is located north of Cuba and northwest of the island of Hispaniola split bahamas 15 Haiti and the Dominican Republic and the Turks and Caicos Islandssoutheast of the American state of Floridaand east of the Florida Keys.

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Lenovo thinkpad t series price United Press International. Outline Index Bibliography Category. Retrieved 31 October Angus Bucks. Tracy L. Legislative power is vested in a bicameral parliamentwhich consists of a member House of Assembly the lower housewith members elected bahamas 15 single-member districtsand a member Senatewith members appointed by the governor-general, including nine on the advice of the Prime Minister, four on the advice of the leader of Her Majesty's Loyal Oppositionand three on the advice of the prime minister after bahamas 15 with the Leader of the Opposition.
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